Joseph Anthony Movshon is an American neuroscientist. He has made contributions to our understanding of the brain mechanisms that represent the form and motion of objects, and the way that these mechanisms contribute to perceptual judgments and visually guided movement. He has also made advances in the study of visual cortical development, its modification by visual experience, and its relation to the development of visual behavior, including the clinical visual disorder of amblyopia.

Movshon studied at Cambridge University, obtaining his B.A. in 1972, and his Ph.D. under the supervision of Colin Blakemore in 1975. Since 1975 he has been a faculty member at New York University, where he is University Professor and Silver Professor and Director of the University’s Center for Neural Science, which he founded in 1987.

Movshon received the António Champalimaud Vision Award in 2010. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2008, and to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2009.